(i) the particulars of its organisation, functions and duties;
The Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) came into existence on the 1st March, 1948 as a consequence of the recommendations of the National Mineral Policy Conference. From a small beginning as a purely advisory body, the IBM has emerged into a premier National Organisation dealing with practically all aspects of the country’s mining and mineral industry; fulfilling the dual role of enforcing statutory provisions as well as engaging in various development activities. In fact IBM has completed over 55 years of its existence and dedicated service to the nation towards mineral conservation, systematic development of minerals, environment protection and welfare of mankind.
With the expansion of mining industry and gradual adoption of updated technology in large mines, the functions of IBM were reviewed in 1966 and thereafter in 1981. The responsibilities and activities of IBM are guided by a 12 point organisational charter laid down by the Government of India in 1981. A significant addition to its charter was made in 1987 when responsibility of approval of mining plans and mining schemes was entrusted to IBM on behalf of the Central Government. The IBM’s role in updating the national inventory of mineral resources has further been stressed in the National Mineral Policy enunciated in March, 1993. The role of IBM in the protection of environment has also further been strengthened by the notification under Environment (Protection) Act 1986 and Environment (Protection) Rules 1986 as well as in the Mineral Conservation Development Rules, 1988.
Having regard to changing scenario in the mineral sector in the wake of liberalisation of policy, concern of environment protection and ensuring systematic and scientific mining, the mandate for IBM has been further revised in the year 2003 vide Resolution notified under Gazette of India No. 22.03.03 No 12 Part-I, Section I, Page 430, 431 (Hindi), 482, 483 (English). There have been numerous developments since that date which was necessitated a review of the role and scope of the functions of the IBM to make the IBM a competent instrument for the implementation of the National Mineral Policy, 2008, and to bring its charter in line with the contemporary situation.. Accordingly, based on the suggessions in the report of Committee for review and restructuring of the functions and role of IBM, Government of India modified the present charter of functions of IBM vide Government Resolution no.39/49/2014-M.III dated 3rd November, 2014, and published in the Gazette of India on 22nd November, 2014.
The modified Charter of Functions of Indian Bureau of Mines
The objective of the IBM is to promote systematic and scientific development and optimum utilisation of mineral resources of the country (both on-shore and off-shore).
In order to achieve this objective the charter of functions of Indian Bureau of Mines is as follows:
ORGANISATIONAL SETUP: -
The IBM with its headquarters at Nagpur, has 4 Zonal offices located at Ajmer for North Zone, Kolkata for East Zone, Bangalore for South Zone and Nagpur for Central Zone, and 13 Regional Offices are located at Ajmer, Dehradun, Gandhinagar (under North Zone); Guwahati, Ranchi, Bhubaneswar (under East Zone); Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad, Margo (Goa) (under South Zone); Jabalpur, Nagpur, Raipur (under Central Zone). Apart from the Modern Mineral Processing Pilot Plant and Laboratory constructed with the UNDP assistance at Nagpur, two Regional Ore Dressing Laboratories and Pilot Plants are in operation at Ajmer and Bangalore. The bureau has a magnificent Headquarters Building at Nagpur and Office and Residential Complexes at Ajmer , Bangalore , Jabalpur , Margaon ( Goa ) and Udaipur .
IBM undertakes systematic inspection of mines for enforcement of provisions of Mineral Conservation and Development Rules, 1988 (MCDR’88). The inspections and studies of mines not only enable IBM to monitor the activities of the mines but also leads to on the spot discussion and consultation with the mine officials on issues of importance such as requirement of further prospecting/exploration, mine development, mineral reject utilisation, waste dumping practices, protection of environment in mines, community development, etc.
Due to the introduction of concept of mining plan, there is lot of improvement in conservation of minerals, systematisation of mining operations and protection of environment in mining areas. This has not only compelled mine owners to pay attention to the neglected aspects of advance mine planning and due thought to mine design layout, but also provided valuable and comprehensive documentation of important mining, geological and environmental data on mine wise basis for the first time in the country. The Central Government have recently amended Mineral Concession Rules, 1960 vide notification No. GSR 329(E) dated 10.04.2003 and the Mineral Conservation and Development Rules, 1988 vide notification No. GSR 330(E) dated 10.04.2003. As per these amendments all the existing mining lessees are required to submit “Progressive Mine Closure Plan” along with prescribed financial sureties as well as “Final Mine Closure Plan” one year prior to the proposed closure of the mine. The notification also enumerates that the “Progressive Mine Closure Plan” and the “Final Mine Closure Plan” should be in the format and as per the guidelines issued by the Indian Bureau of Mines.
A new relational database system to closely monitor all the activities on conservation aspects, scientific development and environmental protection control measures in the mines, a Indo-French collaborative project on “Technical Management Information System (TMIS)” with the assistance of BRGM, France, was commenced in Nov., 1998 and successfully completed in March, 2001. Under this project 16 computer centres have been developed in different Zonal and regional offices of IBM located in 12 cities, equipped with recent generation of computer equipment. All centres are connected by local and wide area network. In all 44 IBM personnel were trained in different aspects of computer systems and software development in India as well as in BRGM, France. Experience gained in handling the latest version of the database the project has enhanced IBM’s capabilities in offering the services to develop software for other activities of IBM as well as for development of similar database for mineral rich states of the country.
Preparation of Mineral Maps and the Inventory of Mineral Resources is an important function of IBM. The National Mineral Inventory provide access to the latest information on mineral resources available for exploitation and or detailed exploration for future planning, formulation of mineral policies and augmentation of the production of mineral resources. IBM updates mineral inventory once in every five year. Presently, NMI as on 01-04-2000 for 64 minerals have been updated and updation as on 01.04.2005 have been undertaken. IBM has prepared/updated Mineral Maps of important minerals, leasehold and freehold areas along with forest overlays. These maps become useful adjuncts to the inventory of mineral resources and helpful in a better appreciation of the available resources in planning for detailed exploration. The United Nations Economic Commission along with the Council of Mining and Metallurgy Institutions have in Nov., 1999 agreed on a new classification for mineral resources, taking into account several parameters like economy, feasibility and geology. Now the entire National Mineral Inventory is being converted from the Indian system of classification of mineral resources to the United Nations Framework Classification (UNFC) System which is independent of language & differences in perception as well as understandable across the world. The application software developed with the guidance of BRGM of France, is being utilised for implementation of UNFC to National Mineral Inventory.
IBM is a leading research centre for mineral processing in India, undertakes laboratory and pilot plant ore dressing investigations supported by sophisticated chemical and mineralogical studies. It has a strong R&D base for providing answers to the problems of mineral processing & beneficiation and these studies are carried out on charge basis as well as on promotional basis on various low grade ores/minerals, except atomic minerals. The Modern Mineral Processing Laboratory and Pilot Plant set up at Nagpur with the assistance of UNDP is a milestone in mineral processing and ore dressing in the country, and is yet another step towards providing state-of-the-art technology to the mineral sector. With these facilities, it is capable of development of process know-how, reagent development, investigations for developing flow sheets, for possible utilisation of low grade, complex, marginal and sub-marginal resources which are the future sources of supply of minerals. It also has Environmental Analysis Laboratory for qualitative analysis of water/air and other effluents from mines and mineral based industry, which has been recognised by the Central Pollution Control Board.
Mining Research is an area where IBM has got a major role for providing the development of mining industry through optimum exploitation and resource conservation. It carries out applied mining research on various aspects of mining with a view to help the industry in systematic development of mines, improvements in productivity and to achieve sustainable development by adopting state-of-the-art environmental management systems. It also undertakes industry sponsored assignments on environmental and rock mechanics aspects, on charge basis. It has tuned its capabilities keeping in view the growing technological needs of the industry. A joint Indo-French collaboration project on “Development of Application Techniques in Relation to Environmental Management in Mines and Waste Recoveries” has been completed in association with BRGM, France. This project has enhanced IBM’s capabilities to assess existing potential impacts of mining operations and finding mining site-specific solutions, which commensurate with acceptable level of environmental impact and continual economic operational needs, technical, legislative and socio-economic conditions in India . It has developed state-of-the-art equipment and expertise to take up any jobs relating to environment management in mines, including preparation of Regional Environmental Impact Assessment & Management Plans, Risk Assessment & Disaster Management Plans, Environmental Auditing and Blast Vibration Studies.
IBM provides consultancy services on attractive terms to the mining industry in surveying, exploration, geology, mining, mineral processing and environment related issues within the country and abroad. It offers consultancy services to large as well as small mine owners. The activities of this division helps the mine owners in systematic development of their mines, formulation of their production plans, better utilisation of mineral resources available in the area, to take investment decisions for implementation of new projects and to obtain financial assistance from the financial institutions. The specialised services are offered in (i) productivity study of mines (ii) techno-economic survey of mineral properties (iii) production planning and grade control on given process parameters and (iv) general consultancy for supervision and management of mining and allied work. It is well equipped with trained personnel and latest software facilities for deposit evaluation, project costing and financial analysis and for the survey works, etc.
A number of assignments have been handled by IBM and with the facilities; capabilities and expertise available can handle any type of assignment in the key areas like exploration, exploitation, beneficiation and environment within the country as well as in the international field comparable to the reputed international consultants.
IBM provides information support and advisory services to the Government and Mineral Industry especially on issues like mineral policy, marketing, specifications and uses of minerals, mineral legislation, inventory of mineral resources, mining leases, and taxation, etc. Moreover, it disseminates latest information on mineral industry, collected through statutory as well as non-statutory sources, through its flag-ship publication `Indian Minerals Yearbook' and number of other publications.
IBM functions as the Nation's Data Bank on Mines and Minerals. It has been recognised as one of the sub-systems of the National Information Systems of Science & Technology (NISSAT). It is responsible for collection, compilation, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of statistical information on various economic activities on mines and minerals. It caters to the needs of the Central and State Governments, Planning Commission Central Statistical Organisation, Research & Educational Institutions, United Nations and other foreign organisations and private agencies. For quick efficient storage and retrieval of data and information, state-of-the-art both software and hardware facilities are available at Headquarters and Regional/Zonal Offices.
Besides, IBM brings out publications of varied interest on minerals and mining technology for the benefit of the mining industry in the form of regular publications, Monographs and Bulletins. Indian Minerals Yearbook is a major publication with wide and established readership, which gives a synoptic view of the silent developments relating to a wide spectrum of events in the mineral industry in India in a year. It has a printing Press with both composing and printing units - capacity of Printing Press is 2 million page impressions per year.
IBM imparts training to its officers and staff, personnel from other organisations i.e. State Governments, Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs), Private Mines and also to Foreign Nationals from developing countries in mining, geological, mineral processing, environment and related topics. The training centre has a modern auditorium having covered area of 190 sq.m. and seating capacity of 90; equipped with latest audio-visual and public address systems.
Dr. K. Rajeswara Rao, IAS Additional Secretary
Indian Bureau of Mines
2nd Floor, Indira Bhawan,
NAGPUR - 440001 (INDIA)
Phone:+91 712 2560041
Fax: +91 712 2565073
email : cg[at]ibm[dot]gov[dot]in